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Assumption, Assignment and Sale of SBA 7(a) Loans


You have a business with an SBA guaranteed 7(a) loan and now you are looking to sell the business.  What about the loan?  Can you simply assign the loan and have the buyer assume the loan in your sale documents without anything more?  Generally speaking, the SBA will need to approve the assumption and certain requirements must be met:
1. Unless the assumption is part of a workout or the loan is in liquidation status, the proposed assumptor must meet the applicable 7(a) Loan eligibility requirements in the most current version of the SBA’s standard operating procedures;
2. The proposed assumptor should be the primary owner of the business;
3. The proposed assumptor should have business experience and management skills that are equal to or better than the Borrower's;
4. The proposed assumptor must have a satisfactory credit history;
5. The proposed assumptor must have the ability to repay the SBA loan in full;
6. No collateral should be released;
7. No collateral should be subordinated except as otherwise provided with regard to funds that will be used to make improvements to the collateral that will maintain or increase its value;
8. The proposed assumption should not have a negative impact on the operation of the business;
9. The proposed assumption must not have a negative impact on the recoverable value of the collateral;
10. The existing collateral should be adequate to secure the loan, if not and whenever possible, additional collateral should be required as a condition for the assumption;
11. Existing Obligors must not be released without SBA’s prior written approval;
12. The terms of the assumption must be set out in a written agreement signed by all of the parties to the agreement;
13. The terms of the assumption must include a "due on sale or death" clause that prohibits any future assumption of the SBA loan; and
14. The terms of the assumption must not include a real estate contract, i.e., the seller may not retain title to the property until an agreed upon amount is paid.

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