Below are excerpts from the United States Attorneys' Manual relating to several key policy treatment by the Department of Justice lawyers with respect to non-tax federal debts, such as SBA debts.
Key provisions that SBA debtors should, at the very least, familiarize themselves with are noted below:
Nationwide Central Intake Facility
|Commencing on October 1, 1990, all federal agencies are required to refer claims when the principle amount is $1,000,000 or less for litigation or debt enforcement to the Department of Justice through the Nationwide Central Intake Facility. The Nationwide Central Intake Facility acknowledges receipt of the claim, provides a limited review of the Claims Collection Litigation Report (CCLR) for compliance with the Federal Claims Collection Standards, and forwards the information to the appropriate United States Attorney's office for litigation. Federal agencies are not required to send the following types of cases to the Nationwide Central Intake Facility: anti-trust cases; environment and natural resources cases; tax cases; fraud cases; interagency claims; renewal of judgment lien only cases; and if the agency is seeking Department of Justice concurrence on an agency's proposal to suspend or terminate action to collect a claim.In cases where time is of the essence in securing the government's position, the agency may send a referral directly to the United States Attorney's office with a copy of the CCLR to the Nationwide Central Intake Facility. If the Financial Litigation Unit receives a referral package directly from an agency, or they are requested to enforce a civil judgment from another division within the United States Attorney's office that has not been previously docketed by the Nationwide Central Intake Facility, Financial Litigation Unit personnel shall provide data on the referral by completing and mailing the "Nationwide Case Initiation Sheet" to the Nationwide Central Intake Facility.|
Claims Collection Litigation Report
|The Federal Claims Collection Standards (4 C.F.R. Parts 101 to 105) prescribe regulations which agencies must follow to collect, compromise and suspend or terminate collection action on their claims. Agencies are required to provide certain information to the Department of Justice when referring claims for litigation and enforced collection. See 4 C.F.R. § 105.1 et seq. The Financial Litigation Staff, with the support and cooperation of the General Accounting Office, developed the Claims Collection Litigation Report (CCLR) as the standard report to convey this information.Unless an exception has been granted by the Financial Litigation Staff, agencies are required to provide a completed CCLR with each claim they refer. See 4 C.F.R. § 105.2. United States Attorneys' offices are responsible for ensuring that CCLRs comply with the requirements set forth in Federal Claims Collection Standards. These requirements should be addressed with local agency representatives when claims are referred without the CCLR, or when the CCLRs provided are inadequate. The Deputy Director, Legal Programs, should be advised of any problems which cannot be resolved or continue to persist at the local level.Some information requested on the CCLR may be superfluous to a particular agency's claim or impossible for the agency to obtain. The agency's inability to obtain all information required on the CCLR should not be viewed as a bar to the referral of a claim for litigation. However, information requested on the CCLR should be provided to the extent feasible and any omissions by the agency should be noted throughout the CCLR.The Federal Claims Collection Standards also provide that once a claim has been referred to the Department of Justice, the referring agency shall refrain from having any contact with the debtor and shall direct the debtor to the United States Attorney on any matters concerning the claim. The Standards further provide that the United States Attorney shall be immediately notified by the referring agency of any payments which are received from the debtor subsequent to referral of a claim. See 4 C.F.R. § 105.1(d).|
Civil Compromise Policy
|A compromise is an agreement to accept less than the total amount owing in principal interest, and administrative costs in civil cases. Criminal cases (with the exception of bail bond forfeitures) cannot be compromised. Compromises are accepted only when it is not in the best interest of the government to pursue the full amount of the debt. Pursuant to Title 4, Code of Federal Regulations (C.F.R.), Section 103.2, the factors to consider include: (1) the debtor's inability to pay the full amount within a reasonable time; or (2) the refusal of the debtor to pay the claim in full and the government's inability to enforce collection in full within a reasonable time by enforced collection proceedings.Pursuant to 28 C.F.R., Part O, Subpart Y, Civil Division Directive 14-95, compromises must be approved by a supervisory Assistant United States Attorneys.A claim or judgment should only be compromised with agency approval. Whenever a claim is compromised, the full compromised debt should be collected in a lump sum. Any agreement to accept several payments must provide for payment of the full compromise amount within 90 days. If several payments are agreed to with full payment within 90 days, the government's claim must be secured by the entry of a judgment.Following payment of a compromised amount, the Financial Litigation Unit shall promptly send the client agency a notice of compromise and a closing letter. The letter will document for the agency the reason(s) why the claim was compromised and inform it of the total amount recovered.|
Installment Payment Plans
|An installment payment plan shall be established only when the debtor is unable to make payment in full, or to obtain suitable financing from a private institution in order to make payment in full. Establishment of an installment payment plan shall not be considered unless and until a financial statement has been fully completed and signed by the debtor. Under no circumstances shall an installment payment plan be agreed to, or the terms and conditions of any plan be discussed, with the debtor prior to receiving a financial statement. All financial information provided must first be reviewed by Financial Litigation Unit personnel to determine whether a payment plan would be appropriate and, if so, to ensure that the maximum monthly payment amount is obtained and the judgment is liquidated at the earliest possible date.|
If you are struggling with circumstances that involve SBA loan default, you deserve professional representation! Our attorneys all know how to handle SBA OIC and DOT compromise cases. If you contact us, we can help you settle SBA debt or DOT debt once and for all. After you schedule an appointment, you consult with a dedicated SBA OIC lawyer or United States Treasury Dept Practitioner who can help you through your administrative legal battle. Once your claim is resolved, you won't have to worry about your SBA loan default or DOT debt problem haunting you. Our team of battle-tested SBA workout attorneys and DOT practitioners has assisted many federal debtors throughout the years. Now it is your turn! You truly can settle SBA debt or DOT debt for good!
Contact us at 888-756-9969 or simply enter your information on your online Contact Form and arrange for a Case Evaluation with one of our SBA Workout Attorneys or DOT Practitioners.