If a Borrower or Obligor does not respond to the opportunity to submit an Offer in Compromise, they may be referred to the U.S. Department of Treasury for various enforced collection activities.
To determine if an SBA OIC is possible the following information must be provided;• A completed and signed SBA Form 1150 Offer in Compromise which outlines the terms of the offer and why the offer is being made. Be sure to address all the items on the forms “Instructions for Presenting the Offer” and “Elements of a Workable Compromise Offer.” You should also discuss the settlement arrangements that are being made with other creditors.• All offeror(s) must complete and sign an SBA Form 770 Financial Statement of Debtor and provide copies of the most recent two years of personal IRS Tax returns (or a copy of the Extension if not filed). The SBA Form 770 will be reviewed and compared with the original SBA Form 413 “Personal Financial Statement” completed at the time of loan approval. Valuations of property subject to judgment must be supported.• Copy of a current paystub if you are employed.• Additional information may be necessary depending on the individual circumstances of the transaction.
When certain limited circumstances occur and a Borrower or Guarantor does not have the ability to make full payment, the SBA may allow a settlement for less than the full principal amount due on the federal debt. An SBA Offer in Compromise (OIC) is not possible without the cooperation of responsible Borrowers and Guarantors. One of the basic elements of an SBA OIC is that the business has ceased operations and all business assets have been liquidated. The business owner’s assistance and help in maximizing the recovery on the business assets will help to minimize the amount of deficiency balance on the loan. As in most scenarios involving debt forgiveness, there may be tax implications and small business owners should consult their tax and legal advisors before starting the SBA OIC process.
An SBA Guaranteed Loan with multiple personal guarantors considers each of the guarantors as being “jointly and severally” liable for the loan balance. This means that anyone who signed the loan as a borrower, obligor or a guarantor, is liable for the entire outstanding balance. Therefore, each and every guarantor can be pursued for the total loan balance. The problem that manifests with multiple guarantors after an SBA loan default is when certain individuals have more personal assets than others. Generally, lenders, the CDCs and the SBA target those personal guarantors who may have more assets than others. Hence, those individuals whose personal guarantees are “worthless” will generally not have to pay as much.
Filing fees with the court may vary but as of the time of this writing the filing fees are $1,738.
Attorneys' fees will vary on the complexity of your case but will be in the $15,000 to $25,000 range in most cases.
Under a regular Chapter 11, attorneys' fees were usually a minimum of $50,000.