Can't Pay Your SBA Loan? Here's What to Expect
If your SBA loan is placed in default, here's what to expect. Take a look at these tips on assistance and recovery and how to avoid it if all possible.
SOP 50 51 2A, Ch. 17, 8-12 states that “[a]ny settlement amount must bear a reasonable relationship to the present value of the estimated amount of recovery available through foreclosure (using a forced sale equivalent value) and enforced collection. This value, combined with the earning potential of the debtor, will form the basis for the offer in compromise.“ Litigative risks” involve answering certain legal questions as to the actual liability of the debtor and will be thoroughly explored by the SBA, if raised properly. The degree of doubt coupled with the potential costs, expenses and time involved in pursuing collection matters will generally determine the acceptable amount for a settlement. Thus, when considering an SBA OIC, it is very important for your qualified representative (who should have a background in litigation and thus be an attorney and have a working knowledge of SBA matters) to be able to advise SBA debtors regarding litigative risks and the costs associated with litigation and how all of these factors can impact the proposed offer to the Federal Government.
Yes, as long as you meet the criteria above individuals may avail themselves of Subchapter V.
A charge off is justified when the SBA has complied with all requirements of collection and liquidation and further collection of any substantial portion of the debt is doubtful. The determination to justify a charge off may be based on one or more of the following:a) All efforts must have been exhausted in cost-effective recovery from:1. Voluntary payments from the borrower;2. Liquidation of collateral;3. Compromise with obligor leaving only a deficiency balance; and4. Consideration has been given to any legal remedies available so that no further reasonable expectation of recovery remains.b) Estimated costs of future collection exceed any anticipated recovery;c) Obligor cannot be located or is judgment proof;d) The Lender/SBA’s rights have expired (e.g., statute of limitations, restrictions of State law, SBA policy);e) Debt is legally without merit;f) Adjudication of a Chapter 7 Bankruptcy as a no asset case, or completion of Chap 11/13 case;g) The inability of the Lender to effect further worthwhile recovery.
To be eligible for this option, a debtor must meet the following criteria:
The CARES Act further expanded the eligibility for businesses to qualify under this bankruptcy path.
This legislation increases the eligibility pool to also include companies with up to $7,500,000 in debt (both secured and unsecured) to reorganize under Subchapter V. This is a significant increase from the otherwise limit of $2,725,625.
Under the Federal Statute of Limitations Act (28 U.S.C. 2415(a)), an action by the Government to recover upon a contract for money damages is barred unless filed within 6 years from the date the cause of action accrued. The date of the accrual of the cause of action may be subject to various interpretations. However, in the event of partial payment or written acknowledgement of the debt, the cause of action again accrues at the time of the partial payment or acknowledgement. 28 U.S.C.A. § 2415(a).