Even if your business incorporated (i.e. corporation, Limited Liability Company), almost all lenders and the SBA required that you sign personal guarantees as part of the initial loan funding process. Therefore, despite the fact that your business entity signed on the Loan Agreement with the bank or CDC, you would still be liable as a result of the personal guaranty that you or any other individuals signed. The personal guaranty, upon default on the loan, gives the bank or CDC and the SBA direct access to your personal assets such as your home, personal bank accounts, investments, real estate, etc.
If the principal debtor used his/her primary residence as security for a loan to fund the small business, there are available loan modifications.
If as part of your SBA loan, you pledged your primary residence as collateral, neither Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy will likely help in the event of default. However, Chapter 11 Subchapter V may help.
For instance, a small business debtor's plan may modify the rights of a holder of a claim secured by the principal residence of the debtor if the new value received in connection with the granting of the security interest was:
Therefore, you could possibly use the Chapter 11 Subchapter V to save your house and modify the terms of repaying the loan if you pledged your house as collateral as part of your personal guarantee. You will, more than likely, not rid yourself of the lien. Preserving your home constitutes your goal with the new bankruptcy code. If you have no other options, you should explore the new bankruptcy option.
What Is The SBA Office Of Hearings And Appeals (OHA) And What Is Their Jurisdictional Power? CollapseThe Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) is an independent office of the Small Business Administration (SBA) established in 1983 to provide an independent, quasi-judicial appeal of certain SBA program decisions.The SBA OHA has authority to conduct proceedings in the following cases:Collection of debts owed to SBA and the United States under the Debt Collection Act of 1982, the Debt Collection Improvement Act of 1996, and part 140 of the aforesaid chapter;(t) Any other hearing, determination, or appeal proceeding referred to OHA by the Administrator of SBA, either through an SOP, Directive, Procedural Notice, or individual request by the Administrator to the SBA/OHA.The SBA OHA’s office is on the eighth floor of SBA headquarters above the Federal Center SW metro stop. Their office address is:409 Third Street, SW, Eighth FloorWashington, DC 20416
To be eligible for this option, a debtor must meet the following criteria:
The CARES Act further expanded the eligibility for businesses to qualify under this bankruptcy path.
This legislation increases the eligibility pool to also include companies with up to $7,500,000 in debt (both secured and unsecured) to reorganize under Subchapter V. This is a significant increase from the otherwise limit of $2,725,625.
Charge off is the process by which the SBA recognizes a loss and removes the uncollectible loan account from its active receivable accounts. The SBA’s policy is to be diligent and thorough in collection of federal debt and to promptly charge off all uncollectible accounts to more accurately reflect the status of the individual account and the Agency’s entire portfolio. It should be noted that a charge off is merely an administrative determination that does NOT affect SBA’s rights against any obligor nor reduce the SBA’s (or a participant lender’s) ability to proceed with any available remedy.